Urology Pune

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Who Is A Urologist?

    A urologist is a doctor who has expertise, knowledge and special skills regarding the human urinary tract and the reproductive organs.

What are kidney stones?

    A kidney stone is a solid material that forms in a kidney. It is made up of a substance that is present in the urine. Kidney stones vary in size. These are usually small in size but sometimes these are as big as pearls. These are generally yellow or brown.

    Most urinary stones break inside the kidney itself and travel down the urinary tract without pain or you noticing. However, some kidney stones that are big in size stay in the kidney and block the urinary tract. These stones give you pain and hence surgery is sometimes suggested. Modern methods such as ESWL™, PCNL and other special stone surgeries are performed based on the size.

What criteria selects stone treatment?

    Doctors always check reports and stone sizes via ultrasound and then after peeking at the size, a surgery is performed.

Generally here is how it works : -

1 Centimeter or smaller - ESWL™

2 Centimeter or larger - PCNL etc.

What should be a stone patients ideal diet?

    A stone patient, or a person with a stone history should restrict eating a lot of meat. Tomatoes, brinjals and other leafy vegetables that are high in oxalate should be restricted.

    A lot of water should be consumed daily. The patient must have about 3 - 4 litres of water daily.

How is diagnosis confirmed?

    Diagnosis of kidney stones is confirmed via ultrasound and high quality imaging technologies. Sometimes, even a spiral CT scan and a special X - Ray test is done.